- prostitution, sociological studies of
- The provision of sexual favours for financial reward has probably been institutionalized in the form of prostitution in every society that has had a coinage. It has nearly always involved the prostitution of women to men, though male prostitution, especially to male clients, is not uncommon.Kingsley Davis proposed a functional theory which saw prostitution as a safety-valve, helping maintain the respectability of marriage. Prostitution certainly flourished during the Victorian period of rigid sexual morality. But feminists have pointed out that prostitution provides no safety-valve for women, and indeed controls them by labelling those who are not chaste as whores. Victorian prostitution was connected with a double standard of morality, which was much more permissive for men than for women. Sociological studies of prostitutes show that their motivation is mainly economic and it seems likely that the number of prostitutes increases when there are fewer other job opportunities for women. International movements of prostitutes are nearly always from poor countries to richer ones. There are few studies of clients, though a Norwegian study found that while most of them are ‘Mr Average’, there are a number of single men who have difficulties relating to women who go to prostitutes quite frequently.In Britain prostitution itself is legal, but soliciting in public, ‘kerb-crawling’, brothel-keeping, procuring, and living on the ‘immoral earnings’ of a prostitute are all illegal. Here, the commonest ways of working are as a street-walker, as an individual call-girl who advertises her telephone number, or in association with apparently legal work as a club hostess, escort, or masseuse. In some countries prostitution is regulated by the state, with prostitutes being required to register (and often to have regular medical tests), or with prostitution confined to designated red light districts or registered brothels.See, Prostitution (1991).
Dictionary of sociology. 2013.
Look at other dictionaries:
Prostitution in the People's Republic of China — This article is about prostitution in mainland China. See also Prostitution in Hong Kong and Prostitution in Taiwan. Shortly after taking power in 1949, the Communist Party of China embarked upon a series of campaigns that purportedly eradicated… … Wikipedia
Prostitution (criminology) — In criminology, the research and analysis of prostitution falls within the topic of public order crime. The legal treatment of the social phenomenon is not equal, reflecting differing standards of morality as to the pursuit of pleasure, differing … Wikipedia
Middletown studies — The Middletown studies were sociological case studies of the City of Muncie in Indiana conducted by Robert Staughton Lynd and Helen Merrell Lynd, husband and wife sociologists. The Lynds findings were detailed in Middletown: A Study in Modern… … Wikipedia
Sociology — For the journal, see Sociology (journal). Sociology … Wikipedia
Bibliography — INTRODUCTION The number of books dedicated to the late Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) and its successor state, the Russian Federation, is virtually incalculable. This surfeit is due to a number of factors: Russia’s geographic size and … Historical Dictionary of the Russian Federation
kinship — /kin ship/, n. 1. the state or fact of being of kin; family relationship. 2. relationship by nature, qualities, etc.; affinity. [1825 35; KIN + SHIP] Syn. 1. See relationship. 1, 2. connection. 2. bearing. * * * Socially recognized relationship… … Universalium
Poverty — Street children sleeping in Mulberry Street – Jacob Riis photo New York, United States (1890) Poverty is the state of one who lacks a certain amount of material possessions or money. Absolute poverty or destitution is inability to afford … Wikipedia
Capital accumulation — Most generally, the accumulation of capital refers simply to the gathering or amassment of objects of value; the increase in wealth; or the creation of wealth. Capital can be generally defined as assets invested with the expectation that their… … Wikipedia
crime — A crime is held to be an offence which goes beyond the personal and into the public sphere, breaking prohibitory rules or laws, to which legitimate punishments or sanctions are attached, and which requires the intervention of a public authority… … Dictionary of sociology
Domestic violence in Russia — Part of a series on Violence against women … Wikipedia